Sector Report

Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (HVAC) Industry

Michael Berger

Corporate Finance Manager

Overview of the Market

The Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) UK market is estimated to be worth approximately £17.2bn and is forecast to contract by 4.1% by 2020. The residential and commercial construction markets are key components to demand in the UK HVAC industry, with performance being highly dependent upon downstream construction cycles. Since 2013, economic recovery, coupled with renewed confidence and policy support, has bolstered demand with the HVAC industry.

However, the construction industry is one of the sectors expected to be hit hardest by the EU referendum. Concerns regarding the UK’s economic prospects and worries over the loss of free movement of labour have dampened investor sentiment within the sector. The HVAC industry is expected to contract in 2019 as a result, before recovering somewhat in 2020.

In recent years, sustainability has been a primary concern for both government and industry operators, as sentiment moves further towards energy efficiency. As such technology becomes vital to companies, they are beginning to compete for the skilled labour that it requires. Currently, the air conditioning market is being buoyed by the development of tall office buildings which accounts for a large proportion of demand.

Market Share

The three major players in the market are as follows (Estimated):

  • Centrica Plc (British Gas): 12.5%
  • Home Serve Membership Ltd: 2.0%
  • T Brown Group Ltd: 1%

HVAC Companies

A profitability analysis on the sector from a pool of 1,000 leading UK-based Air Conditioning & Refrigeration companies revealed the following points:

Hotel Companies

A profitability analysis on the sector from a pool of 1,000 leading UK-based Hotel companies revealed the following points:

  • The most profitable 414 companies benefitted from an average profit margin of 5.2%
  • The least profitable 586 companies made an average profit margin of 0.0%; the industry average is 1.8%
  • 378 of the companies increased in value over the year with 231 companies increasing by more than 25%
  • 371 companies decreased in value, 193 fell by more than 25%
  • 112 companies have made a loss for two consecutive years

Based on analysis, companies were rated on their ‘takeover attractiveness’. A total of 470 companies were given a ‘Strong’ rating whereas 177 companies were given the lowest rating, ‘Danger’. 165 companies in the industry were highlighted to be highly attractive takeover prospects. The South East was the most attractive region for takeover prospects.

M&A Activity in the Sector

Market IQ data indicates a total of 52 significant deals in the industry from January 2011 to October 2018, with UK targets. Deals are only reported over a certain value threshold (c.£500k), therefore, it is likely that not all deals have been captured. Data consists solely of Acquisitions, Management Buy-outs, Management Buy-ins and Secondary Buy-outs.

Upon breaking down the deal type, M&A activity within the sector is mainly categorised by acquisitions, with 44 since January 2011. There were also 6 MBOs, one MBI and one SBO. A geographical breakdown of the deals shows that the South East dominates M&A activity, benefitting from 11 deals in the time frame. Yorkshire was close behind with 7 deals being completed. The rest of the deals are spread throughout other regions whilst slowly declining to Northern Ireland and the East Midlands, with only one deal.

Deal flow has been steady in each year with anomalous levels in 2014 and 2017. These levels are in line with the scattered overall growth for the last five years with deal levels being as low as two in 2014. 2016 and 2017’s M&A transaction levels, 9 completed deals, could be reflective of the quality of the deals currently occurring in the UK market. Forecasting ahead to the end of the year following current trends gives 8 deals, only a small reduction when compared to 2017.

Industry Benchmarking Information - October 2018

Hallidays’ client base consists of small to lower mid-market enterprises. Our benchmarking analysis reflects businesses with turnover below £20m, in line with the majority of our clients in this sector.

HVAC Benchmarking Data Mean Median Lower Quartile Upper Quartile
Turnover Growth/Decline (%) 6.21 5.06 (11.23) 17.73
EBIT Margin (%) 4.71 3.87 0.85 8.59
EBIT Growth/Decline (%) 5.39 (2.56) (62.51) 65.15
EBITDA Margin (%) 6.03 4.67 1.33 10.04
EBITDA Growth/Decline (%) 12.59 2.25 (46.95) 56.66
Total Net Assets Growth/Decline (%) 8.88 8.03 (7.34) 25.89
Current Ratio 1.94 1.54 1.18 2.04
Acid Test 1.76 1.39 1.01 1.94
Hotels Benchmarking

Using full company accounts filed in the last two years, excluding companies with nil turnover in either period.
Search criteria: Keywords concerning HVAC
October 2018.

M&A Activity Source

Experian Market IQ (October 2018)
Search Criteria: Keywords concerning HVAC.

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